The following list of references comes straight out of the chapter of Hack Your Depression dealing with electroshock therapy, a chapter that contains vital information for anyone contemplating ECT. These references are essential for understanding the current state of the art around this time-honored (but barbaric, antiquated, ineffective, damaging, and demonstrably dangerous) procedure. For a full discussion of these references and their findings, please consult pages 136-151 of Hack Your Depression. Insist that anyone you know who contemplates undertaking a course of ECT read those pages first. Consent forms DO NOT tell the whole story. For example, consent forms often place the odds of death at 1:50,000, which is incorrect by at least a factor of ten (and must be modified by the fact that the average patient has 6 to 8 treatments, increasing risks 6 to 8 times).
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Alpers B. (1946). The brain changes associated with electrical shock treatment: A critical review. Lancet 66, 363-369.
American Psychiatric Association (2001). The Practice of Electroconvulsive Therapy Recommendations for Treatment, Training and Privileging. A Task Force Report of the American Psychiatric Association, 2nd ed. APA: Washington, DC.
Avery, D. & Winokur, G. (1978). Suicide, attempted suicide, and relapse rates in depression. Archives of General Psychiatry 35, 749-753.
Blease, C.R. (2013), Electroconvulsive therapy, the placebo effect and informed consent. Journal of Medical Ethics. 2013 Mar;39(3):166-70
Brandon, S., Cowley, P., McDonald, C., Neville P., Palmer, R. & Wellstood-Eason, S. (1985). Leicester ECT trial: Results in schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry 146, 177-183.
Calloway, S., Dolan, R., Jacoby, R. & Levy, R. (1981). ECT and cerebral atrophy. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 64, 442-445.
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Frank, L.R. (1978). The History of Shock Treatment. Frank: San Francisco. ISBN-13: 978-0960137619.
Freeman, C. & Kendell, R. (1980). E.C.T, Patients’ experiences and attitudes. British Journal of Psychiatry 137, 8-16.
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Rami-Gonzalez, L., Bernardo, M., Boget, T., Salamero, M., Gil-Verona, J. & Junque, C. (2001). Subtypes of memory dysfunction associated with ECT: Characteristics and neurobiological bases. Journal of ECT 17, 129-135.
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